International Display

HUNGARY – HOLLÓKÖ

Location:  Hollókő, County of Nógrád

Sponsored by:  Hungarian Tourist Corporation

Model Construction by:  Cockington Green Gardens

Scale: 1:18

Construction Time:  800 hours (approx)

Display History:

Such is the importance of the magnificent village of Hollókő in northern Hungary, around 100km from Budapest, it is included on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. This deliberately preserved development depicts a living example of rural life before the 20th century agricultural revolution. 

The village was developed mainly in the 18th and 19th centuries although it has been the subject of considerable destruction and reconstruction over the centuries. Much of the destruction was the result of devastating fires given the juxtaposition of the village with significant vegetation. The dangers of the timber structures were always known as the village’s residents ignored a 1783 decree prohibiting the use of wood for housing construction. The last major fire recorded in the village was in 1909. 

Now just ruins, Hollókő’s medieval castle was first mentioned in records in 1310. Control of the castle and the original village was by either Ottoman or Hungarian forces until the site was finally abandoned in 1683 at the end of the Ottoman era. From that time, the present Hollókő village began to take shape. Nowadays, the old national traditions of Hollókő come to life each Easter when villagers wear national costumes for two days whilst enjoying festivities.

Did you know:

World Heritage Listed:  1987

Area of Village:  145ha

No. of residential buildings:  55

Population of Hungary:  9.7 million

INDIA – LAHORE GATE, THE RED FORT, DELHI

Location:  Delhi

Sponsored by: High Commission of India

With funding assistance from Aus-Industry Australian Tourism Development Program.

Model Construction by:  Cockington Green Gardens

Scale: 1:50

Construction Time:  1200 hours

Display History:

Lahore Gate is the main entrance to the UNESCO World Heritage Listed Red Fort lying on Delhi’s Yamuna River. The fort’s origins go back to 1639 as the palace of the fortified capital of Shahjahanabad established by the fifth Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan. Shahjahanabad was what is present day Old Delhi. Construction of the fort was completed on 6th April 1648 as designed by architect, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri who is also believed to be the main architect of the Taj Mahal. 

Shah Jahan had decided to move his original capital city from Agra to Lahore at the time the Red Fort was commissioned. The original fort was red and white which were the favourite colours of the Shah and it enjoyed both a colourful and turbulent existence in the years until British occupation from 1857. Until the arrival of Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India between 1899-1905, the fort suffered considerable damage and theft. Fortunately, Lord Curzon oversaw the fort’s considerable restoration and return to prominence. 

On 15th August 1947, newly independent India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the Indian National Flag above Lahore Gate at the Red Fort. Since then, the Prime Minister of the day has raised a flag and given a nationally broadcast speech to celebrate Independence Day.

Did you know:

World Heritage Listed:  2007

Time taken to construct:  8 years, 10 months, 25 days

Property Size:  49.18ha

Population of India:  1.36 billion

INDONESIA – BOROBUDUR TEMPLE

Location:  Kedu Valley, Java

Sponsored by:  Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia (in conjunction with Garuda Airlines)

Model Construction by:  Mr Wahyu Indrasan & Mr Lukito

Scale: 1:100

Construction Time:  Unknown

Display History:

Simply breathtaking in scale and appearance, Borobudur Temple is the largest Buddhist monument in the world. This Buddhist stupa in the Mahayana tradition is said to be the most complex building in the world and took 75 years to construct being completed under the reign of Samaratungga in 825AD during the Sailendra Dynasty. 

The Temple is constructed with around 55,000 square metres of lava rock and built in the form of a lotus, the sacred flower of Buddha. Borobudur began to gain significant profile from 1814 through the efforts of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles when Java was under British rule. 

Borobudur Temple was used as a Buddhist Temple from its 8th and 9th century construction period until it was abandoned somewhere between the 10th and 15th centuries until its rediscovery and resurrection under Raffles in the early 19th century. The Indonesian Government and UNESCO undertook the most significant restoration project of the Temple between 1975 and 1982 which preceded UNESCO World Heritage Listing.

Did you know:

World Heritage Listed:  1991

Period of construction:  750AD-825AD

Temple footprint:  2,520m2

Buddhism:  Practised by around 500 million people worldwide

IRAN – PALACE OF DARIUS, PERSEPOLIS

Location:  Marvdasht, Fars Province

Sponsored by:  Embassy of the Islamic republic of Iran (Website)
With funding assistance from Aus-Industry Australian Tourism Development Program.

Model Construction by:  Cockington Green Gardens

Scale: 1:18

Construction Time:  1000 hours (approx)

Display History:

Persepolis, approximately 50km north-west of Shiraz, is considered to be among the world’s greatest archaeological sites with its origins dating back 2,500 years to around 518 B.C. when founded by Darius the Great, the Achaemenid Empire’s king. Darius (522-486 B.C.), his son Xerxes (486-465 B.C.) and grandson Artaxerxes (465-424 B.C.) built the Mesopotamian model-inspired palatial complex on an immense half natural, half artificial terrace. 

Designed primarily as a showplace and spectacular centre for the receptions and festivals of kings and their empire, Persepolis was indeed the seat of government of the Achaemenid Empire. Around 100 years after the completion of Persepolis, Alexander the Great orchestrated the annexing of Persia and the capture of Persepolis as he set about his unprecedented military campaigns throughout Asia and Northern Africa. His assault on Persepolis ultimately saw widespread looting of the complex by his troops and much destruction, mainly caused by fires. 

Grey limestone, mud-brick and cedar are the main materials used in the construction of this wonderous World Heritage Listed site. To safeguard this incredibly valuable site, constant monitoring ensures that negative impacts from nearby developments and habitation do not detract from the Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and authenticity of ancient Persepolis. 

Did you know: 

World Heritage Listed:  1979 

Site area:  12.5ha 

Nearest major city:  Shiraz (1.5 million people)

ISRAEL – MASADA

Location:  20km east of Arad, Southern District of Israel

Sponsored by: Embassy of Israel to Australia
(Click through to Embassy website)

Model Construction by:  Cockington Green Gardens

Recognised by:  UNESCO inscribed Masada on the World Heritage list in 2001

Scale:  1:35

Construction Time:  1000 hours

Display History:

Masada is considered to be a poignant symbol of the continuing human struggle between oppression and liberty. This struggle is evidenced throughout the history of the site, most notably after Judaea became a province of the Roman Empire and the last survivors of the Jewish revolt chose death rather than slavery when the Roman besiegers broke through their defences during the first Jewish-Roman War of 66 A.D. to 74 A.D. 

Masada was founded and first fortified by Hasmonean ruler, Alexander Jannaeus in the first century B.C. Between 37 and 31 B.C., the Judaean king, Herrod the Great, constructed a sumptuous palace on the dramatic site atop the naturally fortified plateau overlooking the Dead Sea. The palace complex of classical Roman style was an example of outstanding opulent architectural design. 

The capacity for innovation in sustaining occupation of such a difficult site is found in the complex water system that was particularly sophisticated. It was capable of collecting rain water run-off from a single day’s rain to sustain life for a thousand people for two to three years allowing the transformation of this barren, isolated and arid hilltop into a lavish royal retreat. 

This World Heritage Listed site is of immense importance to Jewish cultural identity. The miniature display of this revered site was inaugurated on 18 May 2011 by His Excellency, Mr. Yuval Rotem, Ambassador of Israel to Australia.

Did you know:

World Heritage Listed:  2001

Site area:  276ha

Protection:  Picnicking and commercial activity prohibited on the summit

Visitation:  1.25 million people visit Masada annually